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BOT403 Taxonomy & Diversity of Seed Plants Syllabus
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Sardar Patel University MSc Botany

Sardar Patel University MSc Botany Course Details

Sardar Patel University MSc Botany Syllabus

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Syllabus of Sardar Patel University Master of Science (MSc) - Botany - Semester I - BOT403 Taxonomy & Diversity of Seed Plants

Gymnosperms

Introduction: gymnosperms, the vessel-less and fruitless seed plants varying in the structure of their sperms, pollen grains, pollen germination and the complexity of their female gametophytye; evolution of gymnosperms.

Brief account of the families of Pteridospermales : Lyginopteridaceae, Medullosaceae, Caytoniaceae and Glossopteridaceae.

General account of Cycadeoidales and Cordaitales.

Structure and reproduction in Cycadales, Ginkgoales, Coniferales, Ephedrales, Welwitschiales and Gnetales.

Taxonomy of Angiosperms

Origin of Intrapopulation Variation: population and the environment; ecads and ecotypes; evolution and differentiation of species- various models.

The species concept: taxonomic hierarchy, species, genus, family and other categories; principles used in assessing relationship, delimitation of taxa and attribution of rank.

Salient features of the international code of botanical nomenclature.

Taxonomic evidence: morphology, anatomy, palynology, embryology, cytology; phytochemistry; genome analysis and nucleic acid hybridization.

Taxonomic tools: Herbarium; floras; histological, cytological, phytochemical, serological, biochemical and molecular techniques; computers and GIS.

Systems of angiosperm classification: phenetic versus phylogenetic systems; cladistics in taxonomy; relative merits and demerits of major systems of classification; relevance of taxonomy to conservation, sustainable utilization of bio-resources and ecosystem research.

Concepts of phytogeography: endemism, hotspots and hottest hotspots; plant explorations; invasions and introductions; local plant diversity and its socio-economic importance.

Reference Books :

Bhatnagar,S.P. and Moitra, A. 1996. Gymnosperms.

Gurcharan Singh. Plant systematics: Theory and Practice

Heywood (ed.) Modern Methods in Plant Taxonomy

Jeffery, C. An Introduction to Plant Taxonomy

Jones, S.B., Luchsinger, A.L.1987. Plant Systematics

Judd, W.S; Campbell, C.S., Kellogg, E.A; Stevens, P.F. 1999. Plant Systematics: A phylogenetic approach

Lawrence, G.H.M. Vascular Plant Systematics

Nordenstam, B., EI Gazaly, G. and Kassas, M. 2000. Plant systematics for 21st century.

Radford, A. 1986. Fundamentals of Plant Systematics

Solbrig, O.T.1970. Principles and Methods of Plant Biosystematics

Sporne, K. Morphologhy of gymnosperms

Stace, C. A.1980. Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics

Stebins, G.L. Variation and Evolution in Plants.

Turrill, W.B. Vistas in Botany vol. IV (Recent Researches in Plant Taxonomy)

Woodland, D.W. Contemporary plant systematics.

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