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Paper-II BSE 02 Psychological Foundations of Education Syllabus
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This course will enable the student teachers to
1. apply the knowledge of principles of Educational Psychology and techniques to facilitate optimum development of integrated personality.
2. appreciate the need and significance of the study of educational psychology in understanding analyzing, interpreting and guiding the development of the learner.
3. understand the nature and process of learning and the factors/conditions which facilitate or obstruct the learning process.
4. understand the nature, extent and causes of individual differences among children, and have the working knowledge of strategies and techniques for helping children.
5. understand the nature of personality and adjustment and to develop insight into various types of adjustive and maladjustive behaviors.
6. understand nature of motivations, group structure and dynamics as relevant to classroom management.
7. identify the children who need special help and understand the techniques of diagnosing classroom difficulties of children and provide appropriate guidance service.
8. understand the importance of statistics and apply statistics in the classroom.
Unit I: Nature and Methods of Educational Psychology ( 5 Hrs.)
1. Meaning, nature and scope of educational psychology
2. Methods of educational psychology – Introspection, Observation, Experimental and Case study.
3. Utility of educational psychology to the teacher.
Unit II: Development of the Learner (8 Hrs.)
1. Concept of Growth, Development & Maturation.
2. Readiness to learn
3. Factors affecting readiness
4. Principles of development
5. Stages of development – Infancy, Childhood, Adolescence with reference to Physical, Cognitive (Piaget), Affective, Social, Emotional and Moral (Kohlberg) development.
Unit III: Individual differences and areas of individual differences ( 10 Hrs.)
1. Concept of individual differences
2. Inter and intra individual differences
3. Factors responsible for individual differences
4. Areas of individual difference in
b. Aptitude – concept – definition – Aptitude tests – Differential Aptitude Tests (DAT) and its administration – using aptitude test in schools.
c. Creativity – Concept – definition – Creativity process - fostering creativity in school – creativity tests.
d. Memory and Forgetting - Memory – Concept, causes of forgetting, effective methods of remembering.
Unit IV: Education of Children with Special Needs ( 10 Hrs.)
1. Nature, scope and definition of special education.
2. Characteristics, causes, education of the following:
b. Learning disabled
c. Gifted/ Talented
d. Visually impaired
e. Hearing impaired
f. Loco-motor Handicapped
3. Special, integrated and inclusive education.
Unit V: Psychology of Learning and Teaching ( 14 Hrs.)
1. Concept and principles of learning
2. Factors influencing learning:
b. Environmental factors – natural, social (home and school) and cultural, learning material, relationship with parents, teachers and peers, media influence on learning.
3. Theories of learning/teaching and its classroom implications
b. Classical conditioning
c. Operant conditioning
d. Insightful learning
e. Social learning (learning by observation)
f. Bruner’s Theory of Instruction
4. Transfer of learning – concept and types of transfer.
Unit VI: Classroom Management and Motivation (4 Hrs.)
1. Motivation, concept, definition
2. Types of motivation – Intrinsic and extrinsic
3. Objections to the use of punishment
4. Classroom management and motivation
Unit VII: Classroom Management and Group dynamics (5 Hrs.)
1. Importance of understanding of group dynamics for teacher
2. The nature of classroom leadership - participative, directive, permissive
3. Development of Inter personal relationship – in the classroom
4. Mental health of the teacher and taught – role of home and school in its development.
Unit VIII: Classroom Management and Guidance (8 Hrs.)
1. Definition of guidance and counseling
2. Types of guidance – educational, vocational and personal guidance
3. Types of counseling – directive, non-directive and eclectic counseling
4. Guiding backward, gifted, creative students.
5. Guidance and counseling for adolescents on:
HIV/AIDS scenario in India and AP. Adolescence and reproductive health – process of growing up – sexual health and hygiene (HIV/AIDS), sex education and drug abuse.
Unit IX: Factors influencing Development of Personality (6 Hrs.)
1. Concept and nature of personality
2. Factors influencing development of personality – heredity and environmental factors.
3. Personal adjustment – adjustment and maladjustment, causes of maladjustment – adjustment in schools.
4. Assessment of Personality
Unit X: Importance of Educational Statistics for Secondary School Teachers (7 Hrs.)
1. Concept of Statistics for Psychology and Education – Knowledge of Educational Statistics for Classroom Teacher.
2. Tabulation of Data and its Educational Significance.
3. Measures of Central Tendencies, Variability, and Rank – Correlation
4. Normal Probability Curve, its Interpretation and Educational Implications.
1. Aggarwal, J.C. (1995): Essential Educational Psychology, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Bhatia, H.R. (1977): Textbook of Educational Psychology, The Macmillan Company of India Ltd., New Delhi.
3. Chauhan, S.S. (1988): Advanced Educational Psychology, Vikas publication, New Delhi.
4. Dececco, J.P. (1977): The Psychology of Learning and Instruction, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
5. Henry E. Garrett & R.S. Wood worth, (1966): Statistics in Psychology and Education, Vikas, Feffer and Simons Ltd., Bombay.
6. Kale, S.V. (1983): Child Psychology and Child Guidance, Himalaya Publishing House, Giragoan, Bombay.
7. Kakkar S.B., (1989): Educational Psychology & Guidance, The Indian Publication, Hill Road, Ambala Cantt.
8. Mangal, S.K (2000).: Advanced Educational Psychology, Prentice- Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi
9. Norman A. Sprinthall and Richard C. Sprinthall, (1990): Educational Psychology – A Developmental Approach (Fifth edition), Mc. Graw-Hill, International Edition, Psychology Services, New York.
10. Rao S. Narayana, (1990): Educational Psychology, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi.
11. Sharma, K.N. (1990): Systems, Theories and Modern Trends in Psychology, HPB, Agra.